Understanding New Order of EU After Brexit with Complexity Theory

Şuay Nilhan Açıkalın

Abstract


There is no doubt, Europe project was shaken since the Euro Crisis broke out in 2009 following by political and social crisis. Stringent economic, political and social crisis within the Europe resulted in long term unexpected Brexit that Britain decided to leave from EU with 51,9%.  Brexit would be remembered as one of the remarkable phenomenon in the 21st century. Emergence of new order within EU would be inevitable because of this long-term consequence of Brexit that have been discussed through possible scenarios in terms of single market and economic. However, those analysis has been quite limited and linear to understand which couldn’t explain high level of uncertainty, dynamic multidimensionality of phenomenon. Complexity theory is borrowed from physics has been used as new and unique tool in international relations to revisit increasing complexity of social and reality in international relations with its special properties of Complex Adaptive Systems. As mentioned, Brexit is the most complex, uncertain, dynamic and multifaceted crisis as ever EU faced.  That’s why, this paper seeks to understand dynamic, uncertain and multidimensional structure of Brexit with complexity theory which became unique tool in social science with emergence and self organization properties of Complex Adaptive System.  


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