Presidentialism and Party System Change: A Comparative Analysis

Özhan Demirkol, Mustafa Cem Oğuz

Abstract


The reasons behind the formation of Turkish party system and changes in it have attracted scholarly attention since the 1970s. center-periphery cleavage, socio-economic modernization, changes in electoral systems and economic performance of the incumbents have been noted as the reasons behind the changes in Turkish party system. Transition to semi-presidential system with the 2007 referendum and the foundation of the presidential system with the 2017 referendum may have profound effects on Turkish party system. However, based on our review of the literature, we have not found any studies that analyze the possible effects of presidentialism on Turkish party system. This work is an attempt to fulfill this deficit.

This study deals with the relationship between presidentialism and party system. Since the Turkish case cannot provide data for this expected relationship, we review the literature and the cases of different countries in order to reveal the relationship between presidentialism and various dimensions of party systems. We believe that such a review may provide clues for possible changes in Turkish party system in the near future

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