Work, Migration and Health: Narratives from Migrant Located in Brasília – Brazil

Maria da Graça Luderitz Hoefel, Denise Osório Severo, Claudia Washington

Abstract


This work is an action research, with a qualitative approach, which aims to understand the work reality of migrants located in Brasília and the characteristics that have permeated their processes of professional reintegration, as well as their repercussions on health, revealed from narratives images. The data comes from eleven "Photography and Human Rights Workshops" held with migrants in Brasilia in 2017. Data are analyzed using the Hoefel Portrait Analysis methodology (2016) and Bardin's Content Analysis (1977). The results indicate that the search for a job is the main objective and one of the greatest obstacles in the lives of migrants, given the lack of job opportunities. Difficulties with the language and lack of recognition of training diplomas are the greatest challenges for professional reintegration. Most of migrants are unemployed for months and even years. When they get a job, it often configures themselves as underemployed, with a high degree of exploitation, high turnover, absence of labor rights and in areas other than their training and / or professional experience. The difficulty of finding a job causes deep suffering, since the vast majority need to support themselves and their families that are still living in the country of origin, which confers an even greater social and psychological pressure on these subjects. There is an urgent need for the construction of public policies that articulate work and health, favoring the generation of Jobs, income and the promotion of the health of migrants.


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