Informal Employment Dimension of the Food Marketing Sector: Qualitative Research in the Province of Denizli

Fatma Özge Özgen Öney, Çağatay Öney

Abstract


One of the most important problems for both developed and developing countries is “informal employment”. Today, this kind of employment constitutes a major threat that must be eliminated for the countries. The presence of a wide range of sectors in Turkey has led to informal employment. Moreover, as a result of the demographic and socio-economic factors in our country, migration from the village to the village, self-employment, lack of knowledge, and the labor market have not created sufficient employment. Workers working in various sectors are seen as cost elements in today’s competitive environment. Workers’ wages and social security have been compromised in order to reduce the labor costs. In addition, informal employment arises due to the fact that self-employment owners do not inform or underreport their employees because they are concerned about the decrease in their income, and because they do not follow the changes in laws and politics. This situation constitutes a major obstacle to the development of Turkey’s economy.

In this study, it was aimed to investigate the informal employment dimension of the marketers who sell food products in the province of Denizli. In this respect, the conceptual framework of informal employment was first examined; and the current situation of informal employment in Turkey was given. In the second part, detailed interviews were conducted with 15 market sellers of food products in the counties and districts of Denizli. Interviews in which detailed data were obtained were examined and evaluated with the Content Analysis.


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