THE LOCAL DIMENSION OF MIGRATION MANAGEMENT: EVALUATION OF THE PUBLIC SERVICES OF MUNICIPALITIES FOR REFUGEES

Mehmet Göküş, Zehra Çubukcu

Abstract


In developed countries, local governments play a role as primary actors in migration management. Local governments which are responsible for providing the local common needs of the residents are also responsible for meeting the needs of the refugees who have come to their cities due to migration and reside there.

Turkey has been confronted with the Syrian refugee crisis from 2011. Until this time, the lack of integrated migration management structure was problematic, therefore, the Foreigners and International Protection Law was enacted in April 2013 in order to combine the fragmented structure. In accordance with the regulation issued under this law, the status of temporary protection was given to the Syrians. Lack of institutional capacity building needs for an integrated management of migration in Turkey was largely resolved with the Foreigners and International Protection Law. However, local governments which should have an important mission in migration management have not enough authorization has led to the failure of municipalities to make policies within the boundaries of existing legislation. This study will address the legal bases, limitations, practices and existing problems of local governments in the public service provision for refugees in Turkey, and propose a solution in this context.

Keywords: Migration, Local Governments, Refugees, Public Service


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