European Union’s Outlook towards a Post-Nuclear Deal Iran

Tanvi Hooda

Abstract


The European Union (EU) has been one of the key players in the formulation and implementation of the recent Iranian nuclear deal. Bilateral relations between the EU and Iran have existed since the time of the Islamic Revolution with them being marred with periods of uncertainty and sanctions. The recent nuclear deal has brought with it a fresh perspective towards the mutual relations between EU and Iran. EU has been instrumental in shaping the deal and ensuring that it was followed through. The political interest and weightage of the deal has been substantial for the EU and it is imperative that the deal survive, in spite of the time to time rhetoric of the United States. For the EU, its energy needs are increasing day by day and Iran is an important country for energy imports. In addition, at the Tehran Summit in 2016, investors from many EU countries have expressed interest in investments in the Iranian energy sector. This paper aims to analyse the main issues which form the basis for the renewed relations between the EU and Iran. It is critical to understand the various dimensions of the dynamics underlying the dealings of the two. EU is seen as being successful at the implementation of the strategy of “conditional engagement” and it is vital for it to continue deepening ties with Iran. This should be taken seriously by Iran, as EU’s interest is dependent on significant shifts in Iran’s behaviour.

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