The Iranian Securitization of the United States through the Topos of History

Sevgi Balkan-Sahin

Abstract


Based on an engagement between the securitization perspective and critical discourse analysis, this paper examines the endurance of the hostility of Iran towards the United States. It explains the ongoing enmity with the US as a function of the socially created discursive historical context in which Iran portrays itself and the US identity. Analyzing the speeches of the Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Khamenei, as the highest authority in Iran, the paper shows how Iran has engaged in legitimizing its securitization discourse by appealing to the discursive strategy of positive self-presentation and the negative other-representation. Basing its arguments on the ‘topos of history’, Iran has historically accused the US for interfering into domestic affairs of Iran such as the CIA involvement in the 1953 coup against the Mossadegh government and attempts of regime change in Iran. Emphasizing the embeddedness of such discourses within historical conditions, the paper highlights that Iran exploits the historical context to justify and promote its securitization against the US.

Keywords: Iran, United States, securitization, topos of history


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


............................................................................................................................................................................................................................

HOW DO YOU REGISTER and SUBMIT AN ARTICLE?

Registering and Logging in

Submitting an Article