Cross-Border Migration Managment of Turkey: Actors and Policies

Mehmet Göküş, Zehra Çubukcu

Abstract


Migration is a concept as old as human history. However, due to the rapid growth of globalization and the rapid development of information communication migration has begun to be experienced not only as a destination from on point to another but as a departure and arrival between points. Therefore, the age we are in is beginning to be called as the age of migration and migrants are also called "transmigrant".

Management of migration has become a necessity with the rapid growth of migration. Briefly, the concept of “migration management” which can be defined as the determination of the policies related to the migration and making of legal and administrative sanctions in this direction was  entered to literature in 1993. However, global migration management practices took place in the 1950s. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) was established in 1950 and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) was established in 1951. The lack of legal, administrative and physical issues of migration in Turkey until recently eliminated by the EU harmonization process and regulations to provide international standards. For this purpose, the Foreigners and International Protection Law was  came into force in 2013 and this law terminated to fragmented structure of the management of migration in Turkey.

This study will focus on Turkey's growing migration management processes in the historical process and cooperation with the actors in this process and roles in the shaping of migration policies of these actors in Turkey. In this framework, it is aimed to review the legal regulations and examine the activity reports of the actors in the field of migration management.

Keywords: Migration, Migration Management, Turkey, Actors, Migration Policy


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