Brazilian Labor Reform and the Health of Workers: A Bridge for the Nineteenth Century

Denise Osório Severo, Maria da Graça Luderitz Hoefel, Aléxia Rodrigues Pordeus

Abstract


This work constitutes a documentary and qualitative research that mapped the bills related to labor rights violations and workers' health, which are being processed in the Brazilian Congress and Senate from 2013 to 2017. The data sources were based on the database of the Brazilian Congress, the Senate and six websites of Central Trade Unions. The study identified 55 bills that propose changes in labor laws. After the first phase of analysis, it was decided to focus on the bill 6787\2016, titled Labor Reform, since much of the content of the identified projects was inserted in it. The results indicate the proposal of the prevalence of the negotiated over the legislated as a central element that can seriously affect the labor rights and, consequently, the health of the worker. Among the proposals, one should highlight the increase in working hours, the reduction of the planned time for rest and / or meals, the increase in holiday pay, the abolition of compulsory union contributions and the regulation of "intermittent work". It is noteworthy that many of the proposals analyzed present potential health risks to workers. The Labor Reform, approved before the end of this research, signals the emergence of a new kind of servitude and represents a "bridge to the nineteenth century."

 

Key words: workers’ health; labor reform; work.


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