Impact of Migration on Employment and Unorganised Labour Market in India

Nida Fatima, Nafees Ansari

Abstract


This paper studies the impact of migration on employment and unorganised labour market in India and  it tries to find out whether migrants treat this sector as a provisional location before moving on to the organised or formal sector to advance their life time income and standard of living. However employment in labour market plays an important role in most of the developing economies like in India. The overall impact of labour out migration in the recent era has been to put an upward stress on wages and accelerate changes in production relations. Migrant labours are easier to control, are elastic in supply and at lowers wage costs to employers. Its particular modes of employment and conscription lead to segmentation and disintegration of the labour market. These apparently complementary outcomes in the source and destination areas are the result of a single capitalist dynamic strategy which has been reinforced by state policy.

 In the context of India, it has been found that Indian population is less mobile and predominance of agriculture, strong community ties, lack of education, the rigidity of caste system, the diversity of languages, culture and food habits are the main reasons suggested by the scholars for the immobility of Indian population. Internal migration in India has increased particularly after economic reforms and multiple factors; both push and pull that are responsible for this increment are associated with the economic reforms. The adequate employment opportunities provided by the informal sector may perhaps be marked the most distinguished quality of the informal sector as it holds the potential to trim down poverty and allied economic imbalances as they primarily use as mentioned earlier the locally available materials, superseded conventional methods that exceptionally provide local demands. Subcontracting to underline, is a kind of win-win solution for many problems.

Keywords: India labour markets, Migrant, Employment, Unorganised labour


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