Hungarian-Turkish Relations During the Cold War(1945-1989)

Ali Sarikaya

Abstract


In the first part of the last century, two World Wars devastated the large part of Europe. For decades afterwards, the East and the West challenged each other as enemies and have been divided into two parts during the Cold War. All countries over the world have been forced to take a side politically by two superpowers. The external-internal political relations of countries have been shaped according to Washington-Moscow line. Hungarian-Turkish usually relations were shadowed by the bipolar structure of the world politics and bilateral contacts were dependent upon the state of relations between the two superpowers.

 

Despite taking place in opposing penetrating forces during the Cold War, two countries maintained their relations based on traditional friendship. Especially mutual official visits continued between both countries during the Cold War. Hungarian-Turkish relations before, during and after the Cold War should be understood both in the context of Hungary’s bilateral relationship to Turkey and within the framework of Hungary’s Warsaw Pact membership and Turkey`s NATO membership. With the end of the WW II, Turkey turned its face toward NATO and Hungary turned its face toward Warsaw Pact. In this study, the political relations between Hungary and Turkey during the Cold War will be examined with regard to the bipolar system in the world. In addition to these, the bilateral official visits, which contributed Hungarian-Turkish relations to develop, will be considered for the study by benefiting from written media sources as well. Besides that, this article tries to shed light on the state of Turkish-Hungarian political relations during the bipolar world order.

 


References


Aliriza, B. & Aras, B., 2012: U.S.-Turkish Relations a review at the beginning

of the third decade of the post-cold war era. Washington DC, Center for

Strategic and International Studies

Aydin, M., 2005: Turkish Foreign Policy at the End of the Cold War: Roots and Dynamics. The Turkish Yearbook of International Relations, Vol. XXXVI., Ankara, Ankara University Press

Baldwin, D.A., 1995: Security Studies and the End of the Cold War. In: World Politics 48, pp. 117-41

Bekes, Cs., 2011: Hungarian Foreign Policy in the Bipolar World, 1945–1991. In: Foreign Policy Review 1., pp. 65-97

Calik, F., 2015: Soguk Savas Döneminde Turkiye-Macaristan Iliskileri. In: Balkan Arastirma Enstitusu Dergisi, Volume 4, Issue 2, pp. 33-60

Lukin, A., 2016: Russia in a Post-Bipolar World. In: Survival, Volume 58, Issue 1., pp. 91–112

Mark, E., 2005: The Turkish War Scare of 1946. In: Leffler-Painter: Origins of the Cold War, New York and London, Routledge

Okman, C., 2004: Turkish Foreign Policy: Principles-Rules-Trends, 1814-2003. In: Bal, I.: Turkish Foreign Policy in the Post Cold War Era. Boca Raton, BrownWalker Press, pp. 5-26

Ozkan, G., 2015: The US-Turkey Relationship During the Cold War: Alliance and Issues. In: International Proceedings of Economics Development and Research, Volume 44., pp. 70-74

Pritz, P., 2010: National Interest in Hungarian Foreign Policy in the Twentieth Century. In: Foreign Policy Review 1., pp. 99-108

Racz, B., 2007: Hungary and the United Nations 1956 – 1962: A Legal and Political Analysis. Budapest, United Nations Association of Hungary

Szigetvári, T., 2014: Eurázsiai partnered - Orosz-török political és gazdasági kapcsolatok a 21. században. In: Eurázsia a 21. században - a külkereskedelem tükrében. Kelet-Európa tanulmányok (10). MTA Közgazdaság- és Regionális Tudományi Kutatóközpont, Világgazdasági Intézet, Budapest, pp. 96-112.

Waltz, K.N., 1964: The Stability in the Bipolar World. In: Daedalus, Vol. 93, No. 3, Population, Prediction, Conflict, Existentialism, Summer edition, pp. 881-909

Yagci Aksel, S., 2014: Türk Bas?n?a 1956 Macar ?htilali: Hürriyet, Cumhuriyet, Ulus ve Zafer’de Haber Sunumuna ?lişkin Uzlaşma ve Ayr?şmalar. In: ?letişim Kuram ve Araşt?RMA Dergisi, Volume 39, pp. 90-112


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


............................................................................................................................................................................................................................

HOW DO YOU REGISTER and SUBMIT AN ARTICLE?

Registering and Logging in

Submitting an Article