ENERGY SOURCES AS A DIPLOMATIC SANCTION TOOL AT FOREIGN POLICY

Anıl Çağlar ERKAN

Abstract


The concept of power is the most basic concepts of international politics which can be best defined as the ability and effect of having an A actor to do something she would not want to do to an actor B. The concept of power plays a key role especially in the realization of the general objectives of a state's foreign policy. Almost all states want to have a certain influence on others and can do it through force. Therefore it is important to note that at this point, it is also great importance to use foreign policy strategies which are defined as general policies in which governments aim to reach specific foreign policy objectives. But at this point it’s wrong to say that barbarism and to be self-ordained same as in international relations with the concept of power and in our study this concept fully assessed in the context of the aim and is mainly considered as a tool. It was even considered as a means of providing efficiency in the diplomacy which is defined as one of the state's foreign policy instruments. Whatever the structure of the system in relation to the states, some of the qualities that are possessed influence external politics and significant qualities are instrumentalized in diplomacy. It is observed that energy resources that are vital for economies are at the forefront of instrumentalized qualities. The role of energy sources in diplomacy especially in the oil crises that live, strengthens the correctness of the observation. In this context, the necessity of examining the effects of energy resources which are not evenly distributed in the world geography to power and foreign politics constitutes the starting point of working with examples. From this point of view, the energy resources are analyzed before and after the effects on the foreign policy, and the use of the resources as a weapon in the diplomas is analyzed together with the examples. Governments with energy sources are also involved in how they use their resources for their own interests and how they endanger global energy security and suggest solutions. The developments analyzed in this context are predicted crises that could be used as means of enforcement of diplomas in the energy crisis of the 1973 Oil Crisis, 2006-2009 Ukraine-Russian Federation, energy crises between Estonia and Russian Federation and possible energies that may occur in future periods.


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