European Foreign Fighters as a Non State Armed Actor in the EU

Tuncay Kardaş, Ahu Kardaş

Abstract


This paper outlines the main factors that have contributed to the emergence and proliferation of European foreign fighters as a Non State Armed Actor (NSAA) in the EU states. It examines the case of European foreign fighters by employing a threefold analytical framework of war-making, identity, and means of radicalization. The first section briefly investigates the Syrian Civil War as a context for recruitment. The second section investigates the identity and motives of the European foreign fighters for joining the Syrian Civil War. The third section analyzes the impact of social media on the radicalization process, the threats they pose to the EU countries. It seeks to analyze the role of social media in their radicalization. The last section provides a discussion of the EU’s responses to counter the threats posed by European foreign fighters.


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