The Collapse of the European Values

Zbigniew RYKIEL

Abstract


The European Union as a political, economic and social community is based on common values. Article 2 of the Treaty on the European Union defines the values as the 'respect for the dignity of the human person, freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law, as well as respect for human rights, including the rights of persons belonging to minorities'. Throughout the 21st century these values seem, however, to be questioned in the political practice of right-wing parties both in Western and East-Central European member states of the EU. In the paper, symptoms of the questioning and concepts of the alternative political processes would be discussed in the context of the Polish case. The symptoms and concepts include: populism, neo-authoritarianism, a façade mono-party regime, tyranny, the clash of civilisations within one country, neo-tribalism, clownocracy, the painful beginning of the end of patriarchy, propaganda and manipulation, dictatorship, ur-fascism, spontaneous and cynical ignorance, the infant disease of the left-wing-ness on the right or the Bolshevik disease of right-wing-ness, nationalism, a cultural counter-revolution, a correction of history, patriotism of pseudo-patriots, and the perspectives.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


............................................................................................................................................................................................................................

HOW DO YOU REGISTER and SUBMIT AN ARTICLE?

Registering and Logging in

Submitting an Article